All people diagnosed with diabetes should see a dietician. Alongside healthy eating, an awareness of carbohydrate foods and food portion sizes is important for all people with diabetes, and the dietician will help people with Type 1 diabetes understand the balance between carbohydrates and their insulin doses.
Download our handy 'Dietary Advice for diabetes in adults leaflet' for more help and advice.
'Diabetic foods' - Foods labelled "suitable for diabetics"; are not recommended, because many are expensive, high in fat and calories, and may contain bulk sweeteners which may have a laxative effect.
The best advice for people who have been recently diagnosed with diabetes is to follow a healthy balanced diet which should be followed by the general population: i.e.
1. Eat regular meals
2. Eat five portions of fruit, vegetables or salad daily
Fruit contains natural sugar which will raise your blood glucose levels, so spread your intake of fruit throughout the day and eat only one portion of fruit at a time.
Fruit and vegetable portion sizes:
4. Eat less fat
5. Oily fish
Eat oily fish once or twice a week, e.g. mackerel, sardines, pilchard or salmon as these contain heart-protective omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.
6. Cut down on salt
Salt can increase your blood pressure. Use less in cooking, at the table and eat less salty foods - processed foods are high in salt. Flavour foods with herbs and spices instead of adding salt. If you have kidney problems, salt substitutes such as Lo-salt are not advised.
What is a unit? - Half a pint of ordinary strength beer, lager, cider - One small pub measure (25ml) of spirits - One standard pub measure (50ml) of fortified wine e.g. sherry. Fourteen units is equivalent to six pints of average strength beer or 10 small glasses of low strength wine